There are 14 major glands in the human body essential for conducting a wide range of key biological processes. The thyroid gland is one of them. Your thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland situated at the base of the front of your neck, just below your Adam’s apple, which although not noticeable, is in women, too.  Hormones produced by the thyroid gland — triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) — have an enormous impact on your health, affecting all aspects of your metabolism. These hormones also regulate heart and digestive function, muscle control, brain development, mood and bone maintenance. 


If you’re like a lot of people, when you hear “thyroid”, you hear people who gain weight claiming that their thyroid must be low. Yeah, yeah, you might have thought, thinking that pizza and cheese puffs were the more likely culprit. Well, weight gain is one of the symptoms of what is called hypothyroidism or under active thyroid, a condition in which your thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough of certain crucial hormones.

Hypothyroidism signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Puffy face
  • Muscle weakness
  • Elevated blood cholesterol level
  • Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness
  • Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints
  • Heavier than normal or irregular menstrual periods
  • Thinning hair
  • Depression
  • Impaired memory
  • And yes, weight gain


Another condition called hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid, occurs when your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine. As with hypothyroidism, this condition can mimic other health problems, which can sometimes make it difficult to diagnose.  Like hypothyroidism, it can also include a wide variety of signs and symptoms including:

  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Increased appetite
  • Nervousness, anxiety and irritability
  • Tremors
  • Sweating
  • Changes in menstrual patterns
  • Increased sensitivity to heat
  • Fatigue, muscle weakness
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Skin thinning
  • Fine thinning hair


You might be surprised to learn that fatigue, sudden weight gain or loss, or that general “blah” feeling is the result of foods that can impact how your thyroid works. Depending on whether your thyroid is hypo or hyper, these are just some foods that can either help or hinder your thyroid hormones:

  • Kale
  • Gluten
  • Cabbage
  • Brussel sprouts
  • Soy milk
  • Whole wheat bread
  • Sugary foods
  • Processed foods
  • Caffeine
  • Iodized salt
  • Seaweed
  • Leafy greens
  • Nuts-Brazil are best
  • Seafood
  • Yogurt
  • Milk
  • Chicken and beef
  • Eggs
  • Berries

If you do have a thyroid condition, you might want to look into it further.


Hypo…hyper…when your thyroid hormones are out of balance at all, it’s easy to feel less than your best. All you have to do is look at some of the effects a thyroid imbalance can blast your body with. But before you worry too much, it might help to know that an estimated 20 million Americans have some form of thyroid disease. Up to 60 percent of those with thyroid disease are unaware of their condition. Which means you could be one of them. So how do you get your thyroid hormones where they’re supposed to be? You make an appointment to see the most experienced hormone specialists in the Denver area; Denver Hormone Health. If it has anything to do with any of the 50 hormones—thyroid included—in the human body, the experts at Denver Hormone Health know exactly how to get them functioning at full speed. Simple tests will tell them where your thyroid levels stand, and from there they create a treatment plan tailored to your specific needs. Let Denver Hormone Health get you back on the path to feeling fit and fabulous. Your thyroid will thank you.


endocrine diseases

We’ve laid out the long, long, interminably unending list of endocrine diseases and disorders, but there are two that just about everyone has heard about and a lot of people are effected by; diabetes, and thyroid disease.

No Sugar Coating It

Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder diagnosed in the U.S. You’ve heard about insulin as related to diabetes, but what you might not know is that insulin is a natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar glucose in the blood. Insulin permits cells to use glucose for energy. Cells cannot utilize glucose without insulin. Very often, you might hear the term diabetes mellitus and think it’s some other dubious form of diabetes. But diabetes mellitus is the catch-all for diabetes of every kind. Here are the two most common:

Type 1 Diabetes:
This occurs when the body loses the ability to make insulin or can only make a very small amount of insulin. Type 1 diabetes is usually caused by an autoimmune process, and your body’s immune system mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing cells. About 10% of individuals with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. A number of medical risks are associated with type 1 diabetes. Many of them stem from damage to the tiny blood vessels in your eyes (called diabetic retinopathy), nerves (diabetic neuropathy), and kidneys (diabetic nephropathy). Even more serious is the increased risk of heart disease and stroke.

Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and represents 80% to 90% of diabetes worldwide. This type often develops from pre-diabetes or borderline diabetes. Prediabetes is characterized by the presence of blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be classed as diabetes. With Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas usually produces some insulin. But either the amount produced is not enough for the body’s needs, or the body’s cells are resistant to it. Insulin resistance, or lack of sensitivity to insulin, happens primarily in fat, liver, and muscle cells. People who are obese — more than 20% over their ideal body weight for their height — are at particularly high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and its related medical problems. Their obesity, causes them to have insulin resistance. With insulin resistance, the pancreas has to work overly hard to produce more insulin. But even then, there is not enough insulin to keep sugars normal.  There is no cure for diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can, however, be controlled with weight management, nutrition, and exercise. Unfortunately, type 2 diabetes tends to progress, so you have to keep on top of it.

Cutting Through the Thyroid Thicket

The largest of all the endocrine glands is the thyroid gland.  Often, when people gain weight, they rush to attribute it to a thyroid problem rather than an Oreo overload or an overload of any food just loaded with bad stuff. (Like we need to tell you what that bad stuff is.) Thyroid disorders follow closely behind diabetes in the United States. About 20 million Americans have some type of thyroid disorder. Your thyroid gland makes hormones that tell your body’s systems how fast work. When you have too much thyroid hormone, your systems work in overdrive. When you have too little, your body becomes sluggish. Thyroid hormones regulate how the body breaks down food and either uses that energy immediately or stores it for the future. In other words, our thyroid hormones regulate our body’s metabolism virtually influencing every organ system in the body.

He’ll Map It All Out

It’s a fact, that most people think they have every symptom there is. What to think? What to do? Well, doing nothing is the one thing you can’t afford to do. Before you think the worst, think of the best thing you can do. See Dr. Stephen A. Goldstein MD, F.A.C.S. at Denver Hormone Health. The endocrine system is all about hormones, and Dr. Goldstein is one of the most renowned hormone specialists in the Denver area. He has years of experience and expertise and keeps up with the most advanced studies in the field. If you go in to see him in a panic, the first thing he’ll do is make you feel comfortable. With simple tests, he can determine what your issues are, and if they are a result of hormone imbalance, he can get them back in balance with a unique treatment plan tailored just for you.

So, call now for an appointment.

It’s the beginning of the road to good health.